Spider bites cause more fear rather than major and serious harm. For the bites to be serious, spiders must be big and venomous, such as the brown recluse spiders and the black widow spiders.
Small spiders can cause mild symptoms: mild pain, swelling and redness in the place where the bite occurred. Although such small spider bites are not very serious, people describe them as exaggerated, as the stress and fear are high.
The black widow spider is black and has a characteristic red hourglass marking on the underside of the abdomen. It produces a neurotoxin that is dangerous and harmful to humans. As a consequence of the bite, the poison gets into the body and may adversely (negatively) affect the nervous system.
The symptoms from a bite may include pain, skin inflammation, local skin reddening, burning sensation, cramps and muscle stiffness, eyelid swelling, lacrimation, dizziness, itching, muscle spasms, sweating, headache, nausea, vomiting, anxiety, tremor, restlessness and even paralysis.
Brown recluse spider is also venomous and it also has a mark on its back, like a violin. As a consequence of the bite, the skin is badly damaged and a bull’s eye reveals. The bull’s eye in then surrounded by red and dark blue circles; other consequences include tissue necrosis, pain, burning sensation and itching, dizziness, nausea and headache.
Scorpios are dangerous to humans. Their sting is like a wasp sting, causing pain symptoms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, high blood pressure (hypertension), excessive drooling, heart palpitations. Severe cases include seizures, loss of consciousness and even death.
In such severe cases, victims must be immediately transported to the hospital. The doctor will know what treatment is proper, depending on the type of bite. If the victim has suffered a spider bite, drugs to fight and treat infection are needed.
The bite site is washed with water and soap, cold compresses (ice bags) are applied, and then an antibiotic is administered. Sometimes you need a corticosteroid treatment to prevent swelling.
Vitamin C and B5 injections are effective in poison detoxification, pain relief, fighting allergy, infection and stress. Generally, B vitamins are important for restoring skin and nervous system tissues health. Pain can be relieved using hydrocortisone based drugs (ointments), which are topically applied.
The victim who was stung by a scorpion is in great pain, so the doctor must administer painkillers, morphine injections. After disinfecting the wound, cold compresses (ice bags) are applied to reduce swelling.
In such cases, an antivenin is used (or antivenom or antivenene) which annihilates the scorpion venom, so the victim can recover. If first aid procedures and measures, especially the antivenin, are not applied on time the victim’s condition worsens, may have seizures and death can occur. For tissue healing and immune system strengthening, vitamin A is the best choice. Vitamin C and calcium are painkillers.
Magnesium is taken with calcium, so these minerals are more effective and are absorbed immediately. Charcoal tablets help detoxifying the body, that’s why they are used is such cases. Vitamin E is indicated for skin tissue healing and hypertension treatment. Cold compresses are found to be helpful in reducing or eliminating the edema.
Can be used compresses with herbs decoction, as the herbs have antibacterial, soothing, antiseptic properties. The best are: gentian, thyme, dandelions and yellow stevia. Tea tree oil is effective in the treatment of insect bites and stings. Essential oils also help in combating the symptoms, especially lemon, basil, sage and lavender oils, as they have antitoxic, soothing, antiseptic and antivenom properties.